Eating Disorders Info – Causes, Symptoms: How to Recognize, Help and Bring You Support to This Compulsive Disorder

As a foodie, eating is a pleasure for me but for millions of people this vital necessity can be converted into unhealthy disorders with overeating, binge eating or the contrary literally, starving. The most commons are the anorexia and bulimia, but lately specialists have found more classifications and alas, they are increasing due to bad lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits.

Compulsive Eating Disorders: Anorexia, Bulimia, Night Eating Syndrome, Compulsive Overeating and Diabulimia

Last weekend I was chatting with a nutritionist friend at lunch in a parrillada about these themes and we agree that the causes of this eating disorder is not the food itself, but the way that you see it, frequently like your inevitable enemy. Body image-conscience, the permanent issue about your weight and dangerous yo-yo diets can get worse with extreme complications.

The majority that suffer these eating disorders are women and teens are the principal victims; there are also male eating disorder, but in lower proportion.

The best treatment for eating disorders is a rapid diagnosis with multidisciplinary teams e.g. psychologists, nutritionists, doctors, and so on.
Is it possible to achieve a rehabilitation of these eating disorders? Yes with persistence and effort you can have a normal balanced normal life like Sophia of Burp and Slurp~; she has passed through ED (eating disorder) and she tells us her experience at her wonderful blog between other delicious things.

Let’s see some of these compulsive eating disorders.

Anorexia Nervosa

Persons are obsessed with food and with a body image distortion more a compulsive fear of gaining weight. In general, it describes a personality of low self-esteem more the high pressure of the media to be fit, for them is literally starvation.
Excessive weight loss can become very dangerous because the body don’t receive the necessary nutrients.

Symptoms of anorexia are: looking extremely thin, tiredness, dizziness, faints, dry skin, etc. More warning signs of anorexia are deleting some meals, rejecting to eat permanently, only eating food low calories and excessive workouts.

Bulimia Nervosa

The bulimia is characterized for recurrent episodes of binge eating (a pattern of uncontrollable eating of excessive food) followed by called compensatory behaviors. These compensatory conducts are self-induced vomiting, purging using diuretics and laxatives trying to compensate the overeating just done.

Often this type of conduct is consequence of feeling ashamed about being fat. Some cases can be accompanied with excessive exercises to try to burn the unnecessary calories eaten.

These symptoms may occur daily or sporadically, being the triggers stress or problems with body weight among others.

Signs of bulimia are harder to recognize if we compare with the anorexia, because bulimics have a relative normal average weight. That’s why if you suspect that a friend or a loved one is suffering from the disorder, we recommend that you learn what you can about it, and learn how to find the best bulimia rehab centers as well.

Night Eating Syndrome (NES)

Generally speaking this night eating disorder begins skipping meals during the day or only eating very few calories, hence the hunger increase at night.

They can have abundant nocturnal meals in a binge eating pattern and of course after this disproportionate emotional eating, it can induce insomnia or sleeping issues based on anxiety or depression along the day. More than half of the necessary calories for the journey are eaten during the night.

Compulsive Overeating

It’s very common this emotional eating disorder where the person eats thousands and thousands of calories in one go. Opposite to the bulimia, the food isn’t purged so you can imagine that these over-eaters will become obese very soon.

Causes are various like different unsuccessful diets, stress, depression, etc. This is a food addiction where they can eat huge amounts of food but they aren’t hungry.

The symptoms of the compulsive overeating disorder are persons who tend to eat extremely rapid and very little in public to avoid guilt or shame in front of others.

Diabulimia

It’s other eating disorder suffered with persons with type 1 diabetes. With an extreme obsession of weight loss, they inject themselves less insulin than necessary. This behavior tends to increase the sugar in blood (hyperglycemia), the body is unable to process sugars so it’s eliminated in the urine instead of being used for the muscles or stored as fat. They can have important weight loss but with long-term complications.

Orthorexia nervosa

The change of habits of a person of healthy eating can become to an uncontrollable obsession for only “healthy” food. They put aside food with additives, colorants, pre-prepared meals and with excess of salt, sugar or fat.

They stop visiting friends, relatives and restaurants – because they don’t know how the meals were prepared! They tend to isolate of others and can lead to harsh malnutrition or worst problems. Unlike the anorexic that want to lose weight, the motive of the orthorexic is to stay healthy but of course they cross, in excess, the healthy-line.

 

Eating Disorder Therapy for Orthorexia Nervosa, Selective Eating Disorder, Permarexia and Drunkorexia

 

Selective Eating Disorder (SED)

This eating disorder appears with kids avoiding certain type of foods. The problem is when this picky or fussy eating is transferred to middle childhood and adolescence, or worst to adult life. The impossibility of trying new foods based in textures, aromas and the very high limited range of foods can derive in malnutrition and social problems in adult lives.

They can be restricted only to a certain brand or avoiding a complete gamma of foods like vegetables or fruits. The consequence is obvious, with the lack of minerals, vitamins and other nutrients.

Permarexia

Permarexia is an eating disorder where the person (habitually female) is in a constant and permanent diet. The cause for them is that “everything I eat makes me gain weight”

They try to maintain a very low weight level and the meals are just only strictly the necessary for survive. Permarexics have extreme concepts about their body image.

It’s impossible that you can maintain your vitality only with some vegs and diet sodas. We’ve had a dead of a fashion model in my country Uruguay apparently for this cause.

Drunkorexia

Some specialists call drunkorexia as an eating disorder. But, what is drunkorexia? A simple equation: you avoid some meals anticipating drinking sessions later to not increase your weight. The food kcals not eaten are replaced by the alcohol-calories, a typical compensatory behavior.

The fear to gain weight can decide even that alcohol is more important than food avoiding eating practically all the day. It’s certainly a dangerous conduct.

Extra Eating Disorder Information, Help and Links

* National Eating Disorders Association

* Academy for Eating Disorders

* The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

* Helpguide

* National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders

* Women’s Health

* NHS Choices

* Anorexia and Bulimia Care (ABC)

* American Diabetes Association

* Permarexia

* The Something Fishy Website on Eating Disorders


Have you recognized the ED symptoms in relative / friend? Have you assisted or accompanied to eating disorder treatment centers? The help/therapy has been successful? I’m interested in hearing from you!

 

Photo credits by daniellehelm and by Bruce Tuten

Gera

Gera is a techie & foodie passionate about how to succeed in social media. He focuses also on successful blogging tips and food connections. You can connect with him on Google +. Subscribe to his Free WPulsar Newsletter about WordPress Plugin & Theme Reviews, Blogging and Social Media.

Chow and Chatter

great post oh Sophias blog is great you should as her to guest post for you

Joy

Gera
This was a really nice post, I am glad you took the time to discuss these often ignored illnesses that are so prevalent amongst people today. I attribute a lot of body image issues to our media — they are so invasive with ads, models, celebrities etc…which is why I do not watch a lot of tv or read magazines — I stick to the food channel and food magazines hee hee hee!! But back on a serious note, I think it's important for people to be aware of these illnesses as well as understand them, so thank you for that. This post rocked πŸ™‚

Erica

Great post,Gera! Thank you for all the wonderful information. Thank god I love food πŸ™‚

My Little Space

I guess most people got this Selective Eating Disorder(SED)problem, not just children some adults may also facing the same problem! That's why I'm so headache making meals for my son & hubby, they're both very selective in food.

Soma

This is a great post. We have to be very careful to what the kids hear and see. I have 2 at home, and all I want them is to learn to make healthy eating a habit..very good information.

Reeni

Great information Gera! I've never heard of some of these. But I realized one of my friends has one of these disorders! I knew something wasn't right but didn't have a name to put to it.

OysterCulture

Fantastic information – great write up and list of resources. You always provide such good and useful information and share it so generously.

The Cookinglady And Friends

Great post Gera a lot of good information there to help other people

Pegasuslegend

great post had no idea how serious this was….thanks

Fresh Local and Best

Gera, this is such a comprehensive and informative post! I had no idea about the orthorexia nervosa. I think my mother in law suffers from it, she travels with her own food whenever she visits us.

Shelby

Gera this is such an informative post. I did not know so many disorders existed. Thank you for the info!

redkathy

Great post, I did RT! My niece suffered from Bulimia for some time. She did overcome it and is now healthier than ever. thanks for sharing

Rosa's Yummy Yums

An interesting post. Eating disorder are linked to non-food problems, that's true…

Cheers,

Rosa

Jessie

Eating Disorders is so serious and yet a sad thing because it's mostly due to society's view on what is beautiful. There are so many eating disorders you listed that I never heard of, I learned something new today!

averagebetty

Eating disorders are real. I would bet that 100% of the women I know (in real life) have some form of eating disorder.

C.G. the Foodie

Excellent information! We just had a teacher training on EDs.

nora

this is soo informative gera!1 i love it!!
cheers!

elra

World wide serious problem especially among teens that should be address. Thanks for the info Gera.

Sophia

Wow Gera.

Thank you so much for publicizing the dangers and different symptoms of eating disorders. It is not just limited to anorexia, bulimia, and binging, the three eating disorders that most people are knowledgeable about…there are even more different forms of eating disorders that are even more dangerous precisely for the fact that most people disregard them because it doesn't fit the exact criteria for anorexia or bulimia.

Thank you for the great information. I learned something new myself. And thank you for the kind shout-out! πŸ™‚

Lorraine

Very information as always Gera. I ddin't realise that permarexia was an actual disorder! I know so many like that πŸ™

5 Star Foodie

I didn't know about some of these, I studied DSM-IV in psych classes but that was over 12 years now so they must have added new disorders. Very interesting to learn.

Belinda

Thanks for raising a very important topic. There are definitely some here I never knew!

Chris

I have an adult friend with the SED. She won't eat anything with any kind of sauce on it. Even a hamburger with ketchup or mayo or mustard. Nothing. It's weird.

I did get her to try some plain ribs that I smoked and she loved them.

TheChocolatePriestess

Thank you for this very wonderful overview.

I grew up with zero idea of how my body was supposed to look — literally my parents would go from saying I was fat in the morning to getting too skinny by dinner time in less than 24 hours.

Couple that with the mass media and family push that sweets especially chocolate could substitute for emotional support and I was almost doomed to a life of up and down weight.

It's part of my philosophy now that I won't eat food of any type when I'm feeling bad emotionally. Do I feel 100% positive about my body? No. But when I was seriously underweight and at my ideal weight I'm bounce around between thinking I was fat to thinking I was ok — I never got that I might have been too thin or just right.

Thank you again for posting this.

Divina Pe

Very helpful information. We need to help those kids and teenagers. It's destroying their lives just because they thought they have a poor body image. Thanks for this.

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