As a foodie, eating is a pleasure for me but for millions of people this vital necessity can be converted into unhealthy disorders with overeating, binge eating or the contrary literally, starving. The most commons are the anorexia and bulimia, but lately specialists have found more classifications and alas, they are increasing due to bad lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits.
Last weekend I was chatting with a nutritionist friend at lunch in a parrillada about these themes and we agree that the causes of this eating disorder is not the food itself, but the way that you see it, frequently like your inevitable enemy. Body image-conscience, the permanent issue about your weight and dangerous yo-yo diets can get worse with extreme complications.
The majority that suffer these eating disorders are women and teens are the principal victims; there are also male eating disorder, but in lower proportion.
The best treatment for eating disorders is a rapid diagnosis with multidisciplinary teams e.g. psychologists, nutritionists, doctors, and so on.
Is it possible to achieve a rehabilitation of these eating disorders? Yes with persistence and effort you can have a normal balanced normal life like Sophia of Burp and Slurp~; she has passed through ED (eating disorder) and she tells us her experience at her wonderful blog between other delicious things.
Let’s see some of these compulsive eating disorders.
Persons are obsessed with food and with a body image distortion more a compulsive fear of gaining weight. In general, it describes a personality of low self-esteem more the high pressure of the media to be fit, for them is literally starvation.
Excessive weight loss can become very dangerous because the body don’t receive the necessary nutrients.
Symptoms of anorexia are: looking extremely thin, tiredness, dizziness, faints, dry skin, etc. More warning signs of anorexia are deleting some meals, rejecting to eat permanently, only eating food low calories and excessive workouts.
The bulimia is characterized for recurrent episodes of binge eating (a pattern of uncontrollable eating of excessive food) followed by called compensatory behaviors. These compensatory conducts are self-induced vomiting, purging using diuretics and laxatives trying to compensate the overeating just done.
Often this type of conduct is consequence of feeling ashamed about being fat. Some cases can be accompanied with excessive exercises to try to burn the unnecessary calories eaten.
These symptoms may occur daily or sporadically, being the triggers stress or problems with body weight among others.
Signs of bulimia are harder to recognize if we compare with the anorexia, because bulimics have a relative normal average weight. That’s why if you suspect that a friend or a loved one is suffering from the disorder, we recommend that you learn what you can about it, and learn how to find the best bulimia rehab centers as well.
Night Eating Syndrome (NES)
Generally speaking this night eating disorder begins skipping meals during the day or only eating very few calories, hence the hunger increase at night.
They can have abundant nocturnal meals in a binge eating pattern and of course after this disproportionate emotional eating, it can induce insomnia or sleeping issues based on anxiety or depression along the day. More than half of the necessary calories for the journey are eaten during the night.
It’s very common this emotional eating disorder where the person eats thousands and thousands of calories in one go. Opposite to the bulimia, the food isn’t purged so you can imagine that these over-eaters will become obese very soon.
Causes are various like different unsuccessful diets, stress, depression, etc. This is a food addiction where they can eat huge amounts of food but they aren’t hungry.
The symptoms of the compulsive overeating disorder are persons who tend to eat extremely rapid and very little in public to avoid guilt or shame in front of others.
It’s other eating disorder suffered with persons with type 1 diabetes. With an extreme obsession of weight loss, they inject themselves less insulin than necessary. This behavior tends to increase the sugar in blood (hyperglycemia), the body is unable to process sugars so it’s eliminated in the urine instead of being used for the muscles or stored as fat. They can have important weight loss but with long-term complications.
The change of habits of a person of healthy eating can become to an uncontrollable obsession for only “healthy” food. They put aside food with additives, colorants, pre-prepared meals and with excess of salt, sugar or fat.
They stop visiting friends, relatives and restaurants – because they don’t know how the meals were prepared! They tend to isolate of others and can lead to harsh malnutrition or worst problems. Unlike the anorexic that want to lose weight, the motive of the orthorexic is to stay healthy but of course they cross, in excess, the healthy-line.
Selective Eating Disorder (SED)
This eating disorder appears with kids avoiding certain type of foods. The problem is when this picky or fussy eating is transferred to middle childhood and adolescence, or worst to adult life. The impossibility of trying new foods based in textures, aromas and the very high limited range of foods can derive in malnutrition and social problems in adult lives.
They can be restricted only to a certain brand or avoiding a complete gamma of foods like vegetables or fruits. The consequence is obvious, with the lack of minerals, vitamins and other nutrients.
Permarexia is an eating disorder where the person (habitually female) is in a constant and permanent diet. The cause for them is that “everything I eat makes me gain weight”
They try to maintain a very low weight level and the meals are just only strictly the necessary for survive. Permarexics have extreme concepts about their body image.
It’s impossible that you can maintain your vitality only with some vegs and diet sodas. We’ve had a dead of a fashion model in my country Uruguay apparently for this cause.
Some specialists call drunkorexia as an eating disorder. But, what is drunkorexia? A simple equation: you avoid some meals anticipating drinking sessions later to not increase your weight. The food kcals not eaten are replaced by the alcohol-calories, a typical compensatory behavior.
The fear to gain weight can decide even that alcohol is more important than food avoiding eating practically all the day. It’s certainly a dangerous conduct.
Extra Eating Disorder Information, Help and Links
Have you recognized the ED symptoms in relative / friend? Have you assisted or accompanied to eating disorder treatment centers? The help/therapy has been successful? I’m interested in hearing from you!